If you are a skincare fanatic like us at Beautyhooked HQ, you probably have come across acronyms like AHA, BHA & PHA but do you know what these are or what they do? Dont worry! just sit back, relax and read on!
AHA stands for Alpha Hydroxy Acids that are naturally found acid in fruits, milk and nuts. These are great chemical exfoliators that help in:
- cell regeneration process
- smoothing out wrinkles and fine lines
- reduction of pigmentation
- retaining moisture in the skin
The most common types of AHA are glycolic acid, malic acid, tartaric acid, mandalic acid, citric acid and lactic acid.
BHA stands for Beta Hydroxy Acids that is found in white willow tree, the most common BHA in skincare is salicylic acid that has anti inflammatory properties. BHA helps in:
- skin renewal process
- dissolution of excess sebum in the pores
- fighting against acne and blackheads
- soothing skin inflammation and redness
PHA also known as Poly Hydroxy Acids are similar to AHA but are milder. It has large molecules that is less irritating on the skin hence it is ideal for sensitive skin. PHA provides benefits such as:
- exfoliates the skin but in a mild manner
- provides anti inflammatory properties
- acts as antioxidant
Most common PHAs found in skincare are lactobionic acid, galactose and gluconic acid.
In skincare products AHA, BHA and PHA are commonly found in toners, serums, anti aging creams and exfoliators. These acids are a great way to chemically peel the outer most layer of the skin for the appearance of healthier, smoother and brighter skin.
Which acid works for my skin type?
AHA is ideal for dry or mature skin as it helps to remove the glue the holds together dead skin. Using AHA will contribute to smoother skin and reduction in fine lines however AHAs are water soluble and will not penetrate deep into your pores. BHA is great for oily & acne prone skin as it is oil soluble it penetrates deeper into the pores. PHA has larger molecules and takes longer to penetrate into the skin for this reason it is great to use it for sensitive skin and rosacea.
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Which of these acids have you used? let us know in the comments below
Disclaimer: All articles published on Beauty Hooked are based on heavy and thorough research by our beauty consultants, makeup artist and experts. All products recommended have been tried and tested by us personally and only then recommended to you. All products, at the prices presented in the article, are as of the publication date of the article and are subject to change. Prices presented may vary across retailers in Pakistan depending on the retailer’s margin.